Like other satellite tracking systems, such as Europe’s Galileo or Russia’s GLONASS, GPS is used all over the world. It is nevertheless a fragile technology, which represents an ideal target for disrupting human activities, in particular transport, emergency services or power supply.

Disruptions have already been observed in some regions of the world, notably in the aviation sector. The Finnish airline Finnair, for example, has suspended its flights to the Estonian city of Tartu until the end of the month due to numerous interferences with the airport’s GPS. In recent months, cases have multiplied. The GPS is either jammed or “deceived”, the system thinking that the plane is somewhere other than its real position.

Dana Goward, president of the Resilient Navigation and Timing Foundation (RNTF), a nonprofit foundation that advocates for policies and systems that protect satellite navigation and its users, sees a growing trend. He answered questions from RTS on Friday in the show Tout un monde.

RTS info: Since when has the increase in cases been particularly notable?

Dana Goward: Since December 15, in the Baltic region. GPS interference has since expanded in geographic area, frequency and severity. They began because of an anti-missile defense system installed jointly by Washington and Warsaw in northern Poland, which greatly displeased Moscow. We are convinced, and there is much evidence to support it, of Russian involvement in the jamming that began on that date and has continued intermittently since.

Although they have been able to be controlled until now, the risks linked to GPS have indeed increased

Dana Goward, President of the Resilient Navigation and Timing Foundation